W-2s and how-to’s for refund season

There have been changes in the types of documents you will need to file your taxes this year. Photo: Pptudela/Wikipedia

Now that taxpayers have their W-2s in hand — employers needed to issue them by Jan. 31 — it’s time to file. But this season, taxpayers have to deal with increased tax identity theft risks and prevention measures and new health insurance documents, in addition to ensuring that they get the most to which they’re entitled.

Here are three things taxpayers need to know before filing their 2015 tax returns.


Tax identity theft, already a million-dollar business for fraudsters, could likely get worse this tax season. In 2013, the Internal Revenue Service identified more than 5 million potential fraudulent returns. That same year the IRS paid out $5.2 billion in fraudulent refunds.

State and federal governments are implementing stronger anti-fraud measures to help protect taxpayers. For example, in an effort to reduce fraud risk, some states have increased their review processes to validate returns, which could result in delayed refunds. Some states may not start distributing refunds until March 1.

But taxpayers should also take steps to protect themselves. Besides keeping their personal information such as Social Security numbers and birthdates secure, filing early is one of the best ways to prevent tax identity theft. Taxpayers who file early shorten the window of opportunity identity thieves have to file a fraudulent return first.


Like last year, taxpayers will be able to report their full-year health insurance coverage for their household by checking a box on their tax form. And again, if they didn’t have full-year coverage for their entire household, they either will have to pay a penalty or qualify for an exemption.

The difference this year is that everyone with health insurance — including through an employer or government plans like Medicare or Tricare — will receive a new tax form (1095-B or 1095-C) that reports health insurance information to both the taxpayer and the IRS.

Last year, a version of this form, the 1095-A, went only to state and federal marketplace plan enrollees and the IRS. Taxpayers need to use information on the 1095-A to reconcile their advance premium tax credit and file a complete tax return.

However, the B and C forms aren’t necessary to file if all household members are covered. If not all members are covered or there are gaps of coverage, the forms may help taxpayers calculate the penalty or apply for an exemption. The forms also will allow the IRS to match a taxpayers’ responses on their tax returns with the information on the form. Bringing the documents to a tax professional can help make sure taxes are filed accurately and avoid dealing with IRS notices. However, most taxpayers can file tax returns before receiving a 1095-B or C by using information readily available from other sources.


Refund season only rolls around once a year. And with 70 percent of taxpayers receiving a refund and the average refund sitting right around $2,800, it’s one of the most significant financial moments of the year for many families. A way taxpayers can make every penny count is by making sure they claim every credit and deduction to which they’re entitled. As many as one in five leave money on the table by missing a credit or deduction. For example, 20 percent of eligible taxpayers do not claim the Earned Income Tax Credit, potentially worth up to $6,242.

A qualified tax professional can help taxpayers get every tax benefit they’re entitled to receive. Seeing the right tax professional will help simplify tax season and help the taxpayer make the most of refund season.

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Jesus Guevara is a Tax Professional with H&R Block, the world's largest tax services provider. Jesus provides expert tax advice and service in San Francisco and can be reached at (415) 268-0756, or at the office on 2151 Lombard St., San Francisco. This is a sponsored article by H&R Block.